Many sports injuries can lead to knee pain, including pes anserine bursitis. Pes anserine bursitis is an inflammation of the anserine bursa within your knee joint. Here are three things athletes need to know about pes anserine bursitis.
How does pes anserine bursitis occur?
Pes anserine bursitis occurs when the anserine bursa becomes inflamed. This inflammation can occur as a result of repeated friction and stress on the bursa. Sports that involve a lot of side-to-side movement can have this effect on your bursa. For example, sports like dancing, martial arts, or volleyball require this type of sideways movement. If your favorite sport requires a lot of sideways motion, make sure to take regular rest days to allow your bursae time to heal.
Local trauma can also lead to inflammation of your bursa. For example, if you fall while you're running and land on your knee, or if you're tackled during a game, your bursa could become damaged and swollen.
Your own anatomy also plays a role in this condition's development. This condition is often associated with tight hamstrings as the tightness of these muscles puts pressure on the bursa. If your hamstrings are tight, work with your coach or a physiotherapist to increase strength and flexibility in your muscles.
What are the symptoms?
Pes anserine bursitis leads to pain and swelling on the medial (inner) portion of your knee. One-third of sufferers experience this pain in both of their knees. This pain can be chronic and refractory. Refractory means that the pain is resistant to treatment, so it won't respond to painkillers.
The pain tends to be worse when you're going up stairs or when you're getting out of a chair. Walking on a flat surface doesn't usually lead to knee pain.
How is it treated?
Activity modification is an important part of the treatment for this condition. You'll need to avoid the sport that caused your injury as well as any other activities that make your knee feel worse, like walking up stairs. Icing your sore knee is also helpful as doing so reduces the inflammation.
Your doctor may recommend going to physiotherapy. You'll perform stretches and strengthening exercises that will help your body heal and help you maintain your fitness level. Once your pain is gone, you'll be able to slowly resume your favorite athletic activities.
For more about this topic, or you think you have pes anserine bursitis, visit a local walk-in clinic.